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Glossary of Terms

  • Bud
    Bud is another term for the flower of the cannabis plant.
  • Cannabinoids
    Chemical compounds found in cannabis that can produce effects such as pain relief, appetite stimulation and anxiety reduction. THC and CBD are just two of around 100 known cannabinoids.
  • Cannabis
    A term for many different kinds of plants, including Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, which are used recreationally to alter mood.
  • Cannabis indica
    A species of cannabis that originates from the Hindu Kush mountain range within Afghanistan and Pakistan. The plants are normally bushier than Cannabis sativa.
  • Cannabis ruderalis
    Cannabis ruderalis is a less-common type of cannabis plant that is often used by breeders to enhance their hybrids. It is short and stalky with light green leaves, and tends to be rugged and auto-flowering.
  • Cannabis sativa
    A species of cannabis that originates from South America, the Caribbean and Africa. The plants are normally taller and more slender than Cannabis indica.
  • CBD
    Cannabidiol, one of the close to 100 cannabinoids found in cannabis. Unlike THC, it doesn’t produce a psychoactive effect, but rather a “body” effect. It can also modify THC’s psychoactive properties. Average CBD levels in cannabis are between 1 and 4%, although it can be as high as 15%.
  • Cola
    A cluster of buds on a female cannabis plant where the highest concentration of cannabinoids are found. Cola is the botanical term that describes the flowering site of a female plant that consists of the entire flower as well as its connection to the larger plant.
  • Curing
    The slow drying process that contributes to developing cannabis’ distinct taste and aroma.
  • Decarboxylation
    A chemical process that occurs when cannabis is heated, which removes the carboxyl of cannabinoid molecules, turning non-psychoactive cannabinoids such as THCA or CBDA into their psychoactive derivatives, THC or CBD.
  • Edibles
    Cannabis products such as brownies or beverages, that have been infused with cannabis extracts or concentrates, all of which contain active ingredients such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD)
  • Flower
    The part of the cannabis plant that is dried, smoked, vaped or used to make lotions, tinctures, etc. Only female plants flower.
  • Grinders
    An accessory that breaks up larger pieces of dried cannabis flowers. This helps prepare it for use in pipes, vapourizers, etc.
  • Hemp
    A fibre that can be made from male cannabis plants and used to manufacture rope, fabric, paper, food and more.
  • Hybrid
    A cannabis plant that is a genetic cross between two or more strains. A lot of cannabis consumed today is hybrid.
  • Licensed Producer
    A licensed producer (LP) is an organization licensed by Health Canada to perform activities with cannabis that include cultivation, processing, research and development (R&D) and selling cannabis for medical or non-medical purposes. See the full list of licensed producers in Canada here.
  • Lot
    A set of plants of the same variety of cannabis, that have been grown, harvested and processed together by the same licensed producer.
  • Papers
    Used to combine ground cannabis into a roll for inhalation.
  • Pipe
    An accessory that is used to inhale dried flowers. They can be made of metal, glass, wood or acrylic.
  • Pistil
    The pistil contains the reproductive parts of a female flower, including on the cannabis plant.
  • Resin
    Resin is released from the trichomes of the cannabis plant and has a high THC concentration.
  • Strain
    Cannabis indica, sativa or a hybrid, cultivated specifically for its effects. There are hundreds of strains with wide-ranging properties.
  • Terpenes
    Compounds found in all organic material. They’re responsible for variations in fragrance and character of cannabis.
  • THC
    Tetrahydrocannabinol. The primary component in cannabis, it has a psychoactive effect. Its concentration in dried cannabis can be less than 1% or as high as 30%.
  • Tincture
    Liquid cannabis extract that can be mixed into drinks or flavoured and used as drops under the tongue.
  • Topical Products
    Cannabis Topicals are products such as lotions and oils that have been infused with cannabis extracts and are meant to be applied to the external body surface which includes hair, skin and nails.
  • Trichome
    From the Greek word “Tríchōma,” meaning “growth of hair,” these mushroom-shaped glands are found on the cannabis plant’s leaves, stems and calyxes. Trichomes secrete resin, where terpenes and cannabinoids such as THC and CBD are produced
  • Vaporizer
    Also called a “vape,” this is an accessory used to inhale dried cannabis by gently heating instead of burning it and decarboxylate the product thereby releasing the THC and CBD.
  • Water Pipe
    This is an accessory used to inhale cannabis. Smoke is passed through water to cool it, and into a mouthpiece from which it is inhaled.